Before joining this theory course, we advise you to read a Car Theory Book and the following general provisions. If you possess some basic knowledge about the Dutch car theory, it will help you and other students to go through this course more easily and pass the CBR theory exam!
‘’Did you know more than 90% of traffic accidents are caused by human mistakes? Because we do not know the appropriate priority rules!‘’
All road users together we refer to as ‘traffic’. The different road users (weggebruikers) are:
- Walking with a bicycle, light moped, moped, motorcycle, perambulator (pram), wheelbarrow
- Rollerblades (skater), skateboard
- Walking with a dog
- Invalid carriage (scootmobiel/ gehandicaptenvoertuig) using footpath or pavement (or crossing from one footpath to another)!
- Light moped (snorfiets)
- Moped (bromfiets)
- Microcar (brommobiel, 45km car)
- Cars/ Busses/ Motorcycles / Trucks/ Lorries/ Trams
- Horseman and walking next to a horse!
- Walking with cattle/ livestock
- Invalid carriage (scootmobiel) driving on a cycle path or road!
- Wheelchair users (rolstoel)
- Hand carts
- Pedestrian procession/ parade on the road (a large group of people walking together f.e. for a funeral)
Cars, Busses, Tractor, Motorcycles, Trucks.
Bicycle, invalid carriages, moped, light moped, microcar, power assisted bicycles and all motorvehicles.
No motorvehicle: tram & train, because they run on tracks.
The road consists of the hard shoulder, verge, pavement, bicycle path and the carriageway. The carriageway (rijbaan) is the part of the road where you can drive on.
The verge (berm) is the grass, next to the hard shoulder. Note: a ditch (sloot) is not part of the road.
Autoweg (highway/ motorroad): 100 km/h
Only for motorvehicles that are able and permitted to drive at least 50 km/h (brommobiel is not allowed).
Autosnelweg (motorway): 130 km/u
Only for motorvehicles that are able and allowed to drive at least 60 km/h (no brommobiel)
Provincial roads: 80 km/h, are dangerous, mostly narrow roads with many different vehicles.
Where do cyclists and (light) mopeds drive?
- Overtaking on the LEFT side
- Keep at least 1 meter distance (safety)
Must overtake on the right: when other drivers indicate to the left/ prepositioning.
May overtake on the right:
- Traffic Jam
- At the right side of the block markings (blokmarkering)
Not allowed to overtake:
- Before a bend in the road
- 5 meters before or after the pedestrian crossing
- Before a crossroad
- When a solid line divides the lanes of traffic
‘’Did you know that 15% of the accidents happen,
because we are too tired to be behind the wheel?’’
Following distance: 2 second rule
- Always keep 2 seconds distance from the other driver! Also when overtaking
- How many meters is 2 seconds distance?
Trick: divide your speed by 2 + 10%.
Example: you are driving 50km/h = 50/2 + ( 10% of 50 )= 30 meters
- Reaction time of a human = 1 second
- Immediately allowing passengers to step in or out
- Immediately (un)loading of goods
- All other things are considered as PARKING
No parking sign
You can stand still here, (un)load goods, or let someone enter or exit the car.
No standing still, no parking allowed
When you see this sign: do not stand still, park the car or ask for directions (not even for a few seconds)!
1. Signs given by authorized persons (f.e. priority vehicles/ police/ customs/ traffic guards)
2. Traffic lights
Yellow / orange light: always try to stop, unless you are too close to the light.
Green light: proceed, but pay attention to what is happening in front of you.
3. Traffic signs
The signs will tell you if you have priority or you should give way
4. Asphalt/ dirt roads
At junctions of asphalt and unpaved (dirt) roads, the drivers on the paved (asphalt) road go first
Drivers of trams go first at an equal priority junction/ unmarked crossroads
6. Unmarked junction/ crossroads (without signs)
- Drivers coming from your right have right of way
- If you are on the same road (oncoming traffic), then the driver going straight goes first
- Short turn before long turn
- You may use dipped headlights (dimlicht) anytime. You must use them when it’s raining/ snowing/ dark/ driving in a tunnel and areas with many trees
- Main beam headlights: only at nighttime when there is no other traffic, because you might blind them!
- Front Fog Lights: only when visibility is less than 200 meters
- Rear Fog Lights (never use when raining!): only when visibility is less than 50 meters
Warning triangle (gevarendriehoek)
If your hazard warning lights are not working, you have to put the warning triangle at least 30 meters from your vehicle to warn others.
Beginner (driving license for 0-5 years)
0,2 promille or 88 micrograms.
Experienced driver (after 5 year)
0,5 promille or 220 micrograms.
It takes 1,5 hours before one glass of alcohol is broken down.
A standard glass of beer, whisky or other strong drink has the same amount of alcohol.
- On top of the car: sticking out at the front of the car is not allowed
- Side: 20cm on each side
- Sticking out from the back of the car/ trailer: maximum of 5 meter from the centre of the rear axle
- Always use marking signs when transporting loads:
MOT (APK): mandatory technical check
- New petrol (benzine) car:
First MOT duty: after 4 years,
Then year 6 and year 8 (so every 2 years).
After 8 years, every year.
- Diesel/Gas: after 3 years, then every year.
- Cars must have at least the third party insurance (WA verzekering)
- Tire tread depth/ profile: at least 1.6 mm
- All buttons, indicators, car horn, lights and mirrors should not be broken (RPM indicator is not required)
- Driving with load/ open windows/ too low tire pressure will cost you more fuel
- Children who are less than 1.35 meters must be placed in an approved car child/ booster seat
- Safety hammer must be reachable by all passengers
- Headrest must be adjusted properly for all passengers: no space between head and headrest
- Changing gear between 2000 and 2500 RPM: always try to drive in the highest gear to save fuel (‘Ecodriving’)Now you have read this, prepare yourself some more and read the background theory in one of the English Car Theory books available in the webshop!